The oral and maxillofacial surgeons at Carolinas Centers for Oral & Facial Surgery have years of experience evaluating, biopsying, and diagnosing various conditions and disorders affecting the mouth and jaw areas. Whether you are suffering from a fungal infection, oral ulcer, cold sore, or oral cancer, our highly-trained and skilled doctors can uncover the condition and find effective treatment options. Find out more about our pathology services below.
Oral surgeons receive years of training to understand, identify, and treat conditions relating to the mouth, salivary glands, and jaws. When you come to Carolinas Center for Oral & Facial Surgery for an evaluation, one of our specialists will provide a comprehensive exam and determine next steps for treatment.
The mucosa is the smooth, pink-colored mucus membrane that lines the inside the mouth. It is a common area for an oral abnormality to occur. Abnormalities may include:
- Canker sores
- Fever blisters
- Cysts and tumors
- Oral cancer
It is a good idea to perform a monthly exam of your mouth to familiarize yourself with the way your mouth normally looks and feels, as well as allow you to notice any abnormalities early. When you see a specialist for an evaluation, they will want to know how long you have been experiencing symptoms.
Changes that can occur inside the mouth may include:
- Red or white patches
- Sore throat
- Chronic hoarseness
- Difficulty chewing or swallowing
- A sore that does not heal
- A painful sore
Some abnormalities may require further evaluation with a biopsy. A biopsy is a small tissue sample of the affected area that is evaluated by a pathologist. The information provided by the pathology will help your oral surgeon determine the next steps for treatment. Your oral surgeon will determine if a biopsy is recommended.
There are three main choices for anesthesia
Local anesthesia provides numbness directly where it is administered. It does not affect consciousness, so the patient remains awake while the feelings of discomfort are eliminated. Local anesthesia is commonly used for minor procedures.
Also known as laughing gas, nitrous oxide is a mild sedative that the patient inhales to alleviate feelings of anxiety. It does not cause the patient to lose consciousness. It is often used together with local anesthesia.
IV sedation is commonly used for moderate to extensive oral or facial surgery procedures. This type of sedation is administered directly into the patient’s vein. Since amnesia (forgetfulness) is a common side effect of the medication, most patients who use IV sedation do not remember their procedure.
From cavities and ulcers to benign and cancerous lesions, our oral and maxillofacial surgeons have years of experience evaluating, diagnosing, and treating a wide range of conditions and diseases in the head and neck region. Reach out to our practice today at (803) 973-4530 and schedule an appointment with our team.